The production effect is the benefit of having improved memory when words are read aloud rather than read silently.

This is an encoding strategy that memory research has identified can enhance recognition memory by 10-20%, even after a single exposure to an item.

*Eirini Zormpa, Laurel E. Brehm, Renske S. Hoedemaker, Antje S. Meyer. (2018) The production effect and the generation effect improve memory in picture naming. Memory0:0, pages 1-13. 

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